White Oak

White Oak

Coloration

White Oaks have a beige, creamy-white tone with an olive cast to it. Like Maple, it tends to get slightly darker overtime due to UV light and oxygen exposure. However, it would be barely noticeable since it would be small change. Although it would be of the slightest change, it's best to purchase sets like a table and a bench together rather than in separate pieces because the color might not match if they are made from separate batches of wood.

In comparison to the other woods, White Oaks are the lightest amongst the Maple, Red Oaks, and Alder woods. Since it is light, they stain remarkably well with lighter colors but poorly with darker colors.

 

 

Grain & Knots

White Oaks are straight-grained and have a medium to course grain. They are known to have little to no knots at all. Even if it did have knots, the knots would be very small, blending along with the grain, and giving the wood some variation and texture. Correspondingly, White Oaks have long rays that run alongside the grain.

 

 

 

Density and Durability

The density and durability of wood is often measured by the Janka Test which is a steel ball pressing against a block of wood to measure the amount of force for the steel ball to go halfway through the block. 

As a matter of fact, the Industry Median Hardness of Wood is 1290 Janka, which is Red Oak. If you're questioning how sturdy White Oaks are, they have a Janka rating of 1360, making it a popular material to use in the woodworking world.

  

 

 

 

White Oak vs Red Oak

Red Oak is less expensive ($$)  compared to White Oak ($$$$) due to Red Oaks being more abundant and readily available than White Oaks. White Oaks are also expensive because they're more durable (1360 Janka) and have the ability to hide wear and tear without looking faded or worn out. 

White Oak is popular in the furniture and cabinetry making world due to it being strong, durable, resistant to, and easy-to-work with material. In comparison with Red Oaks, White Oaks have very small pores due to tyloses sealing off the pores and having different cellular growth from Red Oaks. Because of that, White Oaks are resistant to water, and has a strong resistance to rot and decay, unlike Red Oaks. Comparatively, White Oaks have long rays that run along the grain while Red Oaks have short, jagged rays that look like dotted lines.